Contraceptive failure with Copper T380A intrauterine device (IUD): A single tertiary center experience

Ali Ekiz, Burak Ozkose, Burak Yucel, Muhittin Eftal Avcı, Ahmet Adanur, Gokhan Yildirim

Abstract


Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the risk factors of pregnancy with Copper (Cu)T380A IUD and pregnancy outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective study evaluating the risk factors and pregnancy outcomes of 81 patients who conceived with CuT380A IUD in situ.

Results: Four ectopic pregnancies and 77 intrauterine pregnancies were detected. Twenty-six pregnancies (33.76%, 26/77) were terminated according to maternal desire. Twenty-five patients (32.46%, 25/77) whose IUDs were removed constituted the Removed IUD Group, and the remaining 26 patients constituted IUD Left in situ Group. Term pregnancy rates (76% vs. 20.8%, p=0.002) were significantly higher in the Removed IUD Group compared with the IUD Left in situ Group. Abortion rates (16% vs. 53.84%, p=0.008) were detected significantly higher in the IUD Left in situ Group.

Conclusion: The main result of our study was that pregnancy with CuT380A in situ is a significant risk factor for adverse perinatal outcome. Adjusting the scheduled follow-ups for checking the IUD seems to be important in order to prevent accidental pregnancy. 

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10392

How to cite this:Ekiz A, Ozkose B, Yucel B, Avci ME, Adanur A, Yildirim G. Contraceptive failure with Copper T380A intrauterine device (IUD): A single tertiary center experience. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(5):1087-1091.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10392

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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