Risk factors for deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs in postoperative neurosurgical patients

Qiang Li, Zongxue Yu, Xiao Chen, Jinjun Wang, Guixi Jiang

Abstract


Objectives: To detect the risk factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients after neurosurgery.

Methods: Three hundred and seventy-six patients treated in the department of neurosurgery of our hospital from February 2013 to November 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. The clinical data including age, gender, hospital stay, operation time, occupation type, hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, smoking status, drinking status, postoperative exercises, malignant tumor, and postoperative hormone or dehydrating agent were collected.

Results: In this study, 52 patients were included in the DVT group and 295 patients in the Non-DVT group. There was significant difference in age, hypertension, occupation type, malignant tumors, operation time, smoking status, and postoperative exercises between the two groups (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in gender, drinking status, coronary heart disease, diabetes, hospital stay, and postoperative hormone or dehydrating agent (p>0.05). In multivariate analysis, age, malignant tumor, hypertension were independent risk factors, while physical labour and postoperative exercises were protective factor for DVT.

Conclusion: The postoperative patients with older age, malignant tumor or hypertension should be paid high attention to prevent DVT, and postoperative exercises should be selected as precautionary measures.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10481

How to cite this:Li Q, Yu Z, Chen X, Wang J, Jiang G. Risk factors for deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs in postoperative neurosurgical patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(5):1107-1110.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10481

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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