Can blood and semen presepsin levels in males predict pregnancy in couples undergoing intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection?

Ali OVAYOLU, Cansev YILMAZ ARSLANBUĞA, İsmet GÜN, Belgin DEVRANOĞLU, Arman ÖZDEMİR, Şule Eren ÇAKAR

Abstract


Objective: To determine whether semen and plasma presepsin values measured in men with normozoospermia and oligoasthenospermia undergoing invitro-fertilization would be helpful in predicting ongoing pregnancy and live birth.

Methods: Group-I was defined as patients who had pregnancy after treatment and Group-II comprised those with no pregnancy. Semen and blood presepsin values were subsequently compared between the groups. Parametric comparisons were performed using Student’s t-test, and non-parametric comparisons were conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test.

Results: There were 42 patients in Group-I and 72 in Group-II. In the context of successful pregnancy and live birth, semen presepsin values were statistically significantly higher in Group-I than in Group-II  (p= 0.004 and p= 0.037, respectively). The most appropriate semen presepsin cut-off value for predicting both ongoing pregnancy and live birth was calculated as 199 pg/mL. Accordingly, their sensitivity was 64.5% to 59.3%, their specificity was 57.0% to 54.2%, and their positive predictive value was 37.0% to 29.6%, respectively; their negative predictive value was 80.4% in both instances.

Conclusion: Semen presepsin values could be a new marker that may enable the prediction of successful pregnancy and/or live birth. Its negative predictive values are especially high.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10610

How to cite this:Ovayolu A, Arslanbuğa CY, Gun I, Devranoglu B, Ozdemir A, Cakar SE. Can blood and semen presepsin levels in males predict pregnancy in couples undergoing intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection? Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(5):1116-1120.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10610

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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