No inhalation in combination with high frequency ventilation treatment in the treatment of neonatal severe respiratory failure
Objective: To discuss over NO inhalation (iNO) in combination with high frequency ventilation treatment in relieving clinical symptoms and respiratory state of patients with neonatal severe respiratory failure.
Methods: Ninety newborns with severe respiratory failure who received treatment in our hospital were selected for this study. They were divided into research group and control group according to visiting time. Patients in the control group were given conventional treatment in combination with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, while patients in the research group were given iNO for treatment additionally besides the treatment the same as the control group. Changes of respiratory function indexes and arterial blood gas indexes of patients in the two groups were compared. Mechanical ventilation time, time of oxygen therapy and the length of hospital stay were recorded. Besides, postoperative outcome and the incidence of complications were analyzed.
Results: After treatment, the level of PaO2 of both groups significantly improved, and respiratory function indexes such as partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery (PaCO2), oxygenation index (OI), fraction of inspiration O2 (FiO2) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreased (P<0.05); the improvement of various indexes of the research group was more obvious than that of the control group (P<0.05). Mechanical ventilation time, oxygen therapy time and the length of hospital stay of the research group was much shorter than those of the control group. The incidence of complications in the two groups had no statistically significant difference (P>0.05), but the clinical outcome of the research group was better than that of the control group.
Conclusion: NO inhalation in combination with high frequency ventilation for treating neonatal severe respiratory failure is effective in improving blood gas index and respiratory function, enhance cure rate, and reduce the incidence of complications and mortality; hence it is safe and effective and worth clinical promotion.
How to cite this:Guo X, Sun Y, Miao J, Cui M, Wang J, Han S. No inhalation in combination with high frequency ventilation treatment in the treatment of neonatal severe respiratory failure. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(5):1218-1223. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10682
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