Association between 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D and volumetric breast density via a fully automated software VolparaTM in the reproductive age group

Bushra Wasim Khan, Khalid M. Khan M Khan, Muhammad Abdul Samad

Abstract


Objective: To determine the association between serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D levels and percent breast density among asymptomatic premenopausal women.

Methods: Hundred asymptomatic, pre-menopausal women who visited the General Surgery Breast Clinic, Patel Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan between 3rd March and 10th November, 2015 were included in this study. The serum 25 (OH)D and calcium levels were measured and mammographic density (MD) was assessed using automated volumetric breast density software, Volpara Research (algorithm version 1.5.1, Volpara solutions Ltd, Wellington, NZ) on the same day. The volumetric breast density (VBD) was categorized as; VG1: 0% - 4.5 %; VG2: 4.6% - 7.5%; VG3: 7.6% – 15.5% and VG4 >15.5%. Mean serum 25(OH)D and calcium levels were compared across the four volumetric breast density categories. The percent volumetric density was also correlated with anthropometric measurements and other related variables.

Results: No significant difference was found in mean serum 25 (OH)D level across the four groups (15.87 Vs. 12.40 Vs. 8.99 Vs. 9.68; p-value = 0.106). The percent VBD were found significantly negatively correlated with age (r = - 0.365; p-value = 0.001), weight (r = - 0.575; p-value = 0.001), height (r = - 0.197; p-value = 0.049), and BMI (r = - 0.519; p-value = 0.001). The serum Vitamin D, and calcium levels were not found significantly correlated with percent VBD (p-value > 0.05).

Conclusion: No significant association exists between serum 25(OH)D level and breast density.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10731

How to cite this:Wasim B, Khan K, Samad MA. Association between 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D and volumetric breast density via a fully automated software VolparaTM in the reproductive age group. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(5):1246-1250.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10731

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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