Psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress in subsequentpregnancy after spontaneous abortion history

Elahe Haghparast, Mahbobeh Famarzia, Ramezan Hassanzadeh

Abstract


Objectives: Spontaneous abortion is one of the most important complications of pregnancy with short and long adverse psychological effects on women. This study assesses the implications of a spontaneous abortion history has on women’s psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress in subsequent pregnancy less than one years after spontaneous abortion.

Methods: A case-control study was conducted on pregnant women of Babol city from September 2014 to May 2015. In this study, 100 pregnant women with spontaneous abortion history during a year ago and 100 pregnant women without spontaneous abortion history were enrolled. All  the participants in two groups completed the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), and pregnancy Distress Questionnaire (PDQ).

Results: Women with spontaneous abortion history had significantly higher mean of many subscales of SCL-90 (depression, anxiety, somatization, obsessive-compulsiveness, interpersonal sensitivity, psychoticism, hostility, paranoid, and Global Severity Index) more than women without spontaneous abortion history. Also, women with spontaneous abortion history had significantly higher mean of two subscales of PDQ concerns about birth and the baby, concerns about emotions and relationships) and total PDQ more than women without spontaneous abortion history.

Conclusion: Pregnant women with less than a year after spontaneous abortion history are at risk of psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress more than controls. This study supports those implications for planning the post spontaneous abortion psychological care for women, especially women who wanted to be pregnant during 12 month after spontaneous abortion.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10909

How to cite this:Haghparast E, Faramarzi M, Hassanzadeh R. Psychiatric symptoms and pregnancy distress in subsequent pregnancy after spontaneous abortion history. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(5):1097-1101.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.325.10909

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

 


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