Assessment of Risk Factors of Obesity and Diet on Breast Cancer in Ankara, Turkey

Nural Erzurum Alim, Gul Kiziltan

Abstract


Objective: To determine the risk factors of obesity and diet on breast cancer in Ankara, Turkey.

Methods: A case-controlled study was carried out on newly diagnosed 40 breast cancer patients [patient group (PC)] and 40 volunteer individuals [control group (CG)] with no diagnosis of cancer and history of cancer in the family with similar characteristics to the age and gender-matched patient group between March and July 2016. All the individuals were administered a questionnaire by face-to-face interview method.

Results: The mean menarche age, age at first birth and menopause age were 13.0±1.17, 22.6±3.78 and 44.33±2.39 years in PG and 12.3±0.95, 21.6±2.99, 46.71±2.41 years in CG, respectively. The mean BMI values were determined as 28.1±6.75 kg/m2 in PG and 30.1±6.18 kg/m2 in CG (p>0.05). It was determined that intake of vitamin C and fiber decreases the risk of breast cancer. Also, eating quickly and smoking were risk factors for breast cancer (p<0.05).

Conclusion: This study indicated that there are relationships between menarche age, menopause age, and age at first birth, eating quickly, smoking and breast cancer. Conversely, there are significant negative relationships between dietary fiber, vitamin C intake and breast cancer. As a result, it can be said that there is a link between breast cancer and lifestyle factors and a reduction in the risk of developing breast cancer can be achieved through changes in diet, one of the lifestyle factors. 

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.326.11346

How to cite this:Alim NE, Kiziltan G. Assessment of Risk Factors of Obesity and Diet on Breast Cancer in Ankara, Turkey. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(6):1537-1542.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.326.11346

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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