Effects of letrozole in combination with low-dose intramuscularinjection of human menopausal gonadotropin on ovulation and pregnancy of 156 patients with polycystic ovary syndrome

Zhihua Chen, Mengzhen Zhang, Yuhuan Qiao, Junjuan Yang

Abstract


Objective: To explore the effects of letrozole (LE) in combination with low-dose intramuscular injection of human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) on the ovulation induction and pregnancy of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Methods: A total of 156 patients with PCOS infertility were randomly divided into an LE group, a clomiphene citrate (CC) group and an LE + HMG group (n= 52). LE and CC were orally taken according to the prescribed dosage on the 3rd-5th days of menstruation respectively, and 75 IU HMG was given through intramuscular injection. The ovulation induction parameters and pregnancy outcomes were observed.

Results: The number of ovulation cycle of LE + HMG group was significantly higher than that of LE group (χ2=8.451, P<0.001). After injection of human chorionic gonadotropin, both endometrial thickness and number of mature follicles of LE + HMG group were significantly higher than those of other two groups (P<0.001), and the daily estradiol (E2) level was also higher (q=4.531, P<0.05). The pregnancy rate of LE + HMG group was 55.7%, which exceeded those of other two groups (compared to LE group, χ2=4.012, P<0.05). In LE + HMG group, the average medication cycle of clinically pregnant patients was (2.9 ± 0.3) weeks, which was significantly shorter than those of CC and LE groups (F=17.241, P<0.001).

Conclusion: The regimen using LE in combination with low-dose intramuscular injection of HMG has satisfactory therapeutic effects on ovulation induction, short medication cycle and high clinical pregnancy rate, which is promising for treating patients with PCOS infertility.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.326.11391

How to cite this:Chen Z, Zhang M, Qiao Y, Yang J. Effects of letrozole in combination with low-dose intramuscular injection of human menopausal gonadotropin on ovulation and pregnancy of 156 patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(6):1434-1438.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.326.11391

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
sejuta manfaat artikel unik sejarah kerajaan

omron-nebulizer_1358