The effect of glucose variability on QTc duration and dispersion in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Yasar Sertbas, Ali Ozdemir, Meltem Sertbas, Akin Dayan, Seda Sancak, Cihangir Uyan

Abstract


Objective: Glycemic variability (GV) is a new term with the episodes of hyper and hypoglycemia in diabetic patients. Both prolonged QT interval and QTd are potential risk factors for malignant ventricular arrhythmias affecting the mortality of different groups of patients including diabetes mellitus. In this study, we aimed to evaluate if the glucose variability increasing the QTc interval and QTc dispersion in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: We included 275 consecutive patients with type 2 diabetes. We quantified the GV with standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV) from 7 point glucose measures. We investigated the relationship of GV parameters with QT parameters.

Results: The prevalence of prolonged QTc duration was 21%, no patients have prolonged QTc dispersion (> 80 ms). SD of the patients with prolonged QTc duration was significantly higher than the others (45.14 ±24.45 vs. 37.78 ±9.03 p<0.05). There was also a significant relationship between SD and QTc dispersion (r: 0.164; p: 0.007). There were no relationship between the QT parameters and microvascular diabetic complications. SD and HbA1c levels were significantly higher on the patients having peripheral neuropathy (p<0.005).

Conclusion: The result of this study demonstratess that increased glycemic variability is  associated with prolonged QTc duration and QTc dispersion. It is important to focus on targeting optimal glycemic control with GV as an additional goal point along with the traditional following parameters such as fasting-postprandial blood glucose and HbA1c.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.331.11440

How to cite this:Sertbas Y, Ozdemir A, Sertbas M, Dayan A, Sancak S, Uyan C. The effect of glucose variability on QTc duration and dispersion in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(1):22-26.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.331.11440

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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