Frequency of Hepatitis C in hospitalized patients with chronic kidney disease
Background and Objectives: Hepatitis C and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are major global health problems and are highly prevalent in Pakistan. There is limited information on prevalence of hepatitis C in patients with CKD not yet on dialysis. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of hepatitis C in hospitalized chronic kidney disease patients at a tertiary care center in Pakistan.
Methods: The study design was cross-sectional in nature. Patients between ages of 20-80 years with CKD not previously on renal replacement therapy and who were admitted to nephrology ward at a tertiary care facility were included. Hepatitis C was tested using 3rd generation enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Hepatitis C RNA was tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in patients with positive ELISA.
Results: A total of 180 patients were included in the study. Mean age of patients was 48.7±14.9 years. Of all patients, 105 (58.3%) were males and 75 (41.7%) were females, 152 (84.4%) had hypertension, 113 (62.8%) had diabetes mellitus and 26 (14.9%) had known cardiovascular disease. Mean eGFR of patients was 11.4±9.4 ml/min/1.73 m2. Of all patients with CKD, 49 (27.2%) had hepatitis C test positive by ELISA. Hepatitis C PCR testing was done in 39 patients with hepatitis C ELISA positive status and 29 (74.4%) tested positive. Risk factors and clinical characteristics of patients with and without positive hepatitis C antibody by ELISA were similar.
Conclusion: A significant proportion of hospitalized CKD patients have hepatitis C. Strict universal infection control measures should be implemented in nephrology wards to prevent transmission of hepatitis C infection.
How to cite this:Shafi ST, Hassan MZ, Saleem M, Anjum R, Abdullah W, Shafi T. Frequency of Hepatitis C in hospitalized patients with chronic kidney disease. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(1):18-21 doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.331.11553
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