Analysis of orbital malignancies presenting in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan

Asad Aslam Khan, Suhail Sarwar, Mohammad Ali Sadiq, Imran Ahmad, Nayab Tariq, Sibghat-ul- Noor


Objective: To determine the frequencies of various orbital malignancies amongst orbital lesions in patients presenting in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of 666 orbital cases with an established histopathological diagnosis of malignant tumors treated in Mayo Hospital Lahore from 1996 to 2015 (20 years).

Results: About 66% of the malignant tumors were primary, 25% secondary, 8% haematopoietic and 1% metastatic. Almost 50% of the cases were children. Retinoblastoma is the commonest tumor (43% overall and 87% among children). Squamous cell carcinoma is the second commonest (15.6% overall and 31% among adults). These are then followed by Adenoid cystic carcinoma of Lacrimal Gland (9%), Lymphoma/Leukaemia (8%) and Rhabdomyosarcoma (6.3%).

Conclusion: Frequencies of various orbital malignancies show geographical variation in both paediatric and adult population.


How to cite this:Khan AA, Sarwar S, Sadiq MAA, Ahmad I, Tariq N, Sibghat-ul-Noor. Analysis of orbital malignancies presenting in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(1):70-74.   doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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