Duel-stage treatment for biliary cystswith cholangitis during pregnancy

Baoxing Jia, Ludong Tan, Zhe Jin, Yahui Liu

Abstract


Background & Objective: Biliary cysts in pregnant women are a complex medical issue, especially when complicated with cholangitis. It is a serious and life-threatening diagnosis that can seriously endanger both the expectant mother and the fetus. However, during pregnancy, surgical treatment would lead to further complications and higher fetal mortality. Here, we propose a novel therapeutic approach that would be safe for both mother and child during pregnancy, with a definitive treatment postponed until after delivery.

Methods: In this retrospective study we have summarized the clinical course of six adult patients diagnosed with choledochal cysts during pregnancy. Treatment was conducted in two stages, firstly, percutaneous cholecystostomy under ultrasound guidance and sustained negative pressure suction until delivery, and secondly, selective choledochal cyst excision when the patients recovered from delivery.

Results: All the six patients gave birth to healthy babies. Four patients had Type-I choledochal cysts, and underwent Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy surgery. Two patients had a Type-IV choledochal cyst. The first patient with Type-IV choledochal cyst underwent anastomosis between the secondary hepatic bile duct and jejunum and the second patient underwent laparoscopic cyst internal drainage. No serious complications were recorded after gallbladder drainage or during the perioperative period.

Conclusions: Based on our single-centre experience we can conclude that treatment of choledochal cyst with cholangitis during pregnancy can be conducted safely and efficiently through the two stages strategy that we proposed in this paper. The first stage should be percutaneous cholecystostomy followed by elective surgical treatment following delivery.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.332.12148

How to cite this:Jia B, Tan L, Jin Z, Liu Y. Duel-stage treatment for biliary cysts with cholangitis during pregnancy. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(2):483-487.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.332.12148

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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