Clinical and laboratory profile of children with Cystic Fibrosis: Experience of a tertiary care center in Pakistan

Danish Abdul Aziz, Abdul Gaffar Billoo, Ahad Qureshi, Misha Khalid, Salman Kirmani

Abstract


Objective: To determine the clinical presentation, diagnostic investigations and laboratory workup done in admitted children with cystic fibrosis at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, Pakistan.

Methods: This is a three years retrospective study from January 2013 to December 2015 conducted at The Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi Pakistan, enrolling admitted patient from birth to 15 years of either gender, diagnosed with CF on the basis of clinical features and positive sweat chloride test. Different clinical presentations were noted including initial presentations. Sweat chloride values more than 60mmol/L were labeled as positive and consistent with diagnosis of CF. Available Delta F-508 mutation analyses were noted.  Relevant laboratory and radiological investigations including sputum culture and HR-CT chest findings were documented. Results were analyzed using SPSS version 20.

Results: Total 43 children were selected according to the inclusion criteria. Chronic cough (69.76%) was the most common initial clinical presentation. Mean age at onset of symptoms was 14.41± 26.18 months and mean age at diagnosis was 47.20 ± 45.80 months Respiratory features were most common in our cohort including chronic productive cough (90.71%), recurrent bronchopneumonia (72.09%) and asthma like presentation (44.19%) with wheezing and cough. 86% patients presented with failure to thrive. Gastroenterological features including steatorrhea were seen in 55.81% patients and 44.19% patients had abdominal distension. Mean sweat chloride value in our population was 82.70± 22.74. Gene analysis for Delta F-508 was identified in 12 (27.90%) patients. Bronchiectatic pulmonary changes on HRCT were seen in 18 patients (41.86%). Pseudomonas grew in 12 patients (27.90%) in sputum cultures at the time of diagnosis.

Conclusion: Respiratory presentations predominate in CF children followed by gastrointestinal features. Nearly half of our patient had bronchiectatic changes on CT scan chest and more than quarter had pseudomonas colonization in the airways at the time of diagnosis. Delta F-508 mutation was found to be uncommon in our study population. There is significant delay in diagnosing patients with CF. 

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.333.12188

How to cite this:Aziz DA, Billoo AG, Qureshi A, Khalid M, Kirmani S. Clinical and laboratory profile of children with Cystic Fibrosis: Experience of a tertiary care center in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(3):554-559.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.333.12188

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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