Clinical results of femoral head fracture-dislocation treated according to the Pipkin classification

Xiao Yu, Qing-jiang Pang, Xian-Jun Chen

Abstract


Objective: To summarize the clinical results of femoral head fracture-dislocation treated according to Pipkin classification.

Methods: A total of 19 patients with femoral head fracture-dislocation were retrospectively analyzed from Mar. 2008 to Mar. 2015. According to the classification of Pipkin criteria, there were 4 cases in Type-I, 6 cases in Type-II, 6 cases in Type-III and 3 cases in Type-IV. Various procedures were taken according to the different types of the fracture, the time of the fracture, and the age of the patients. X-ray was examined during the follow-up period and functional evaluation was carried out by Harris Hip Score’s criteria. The clinical therapeutic effects were analyzed.

Results: All the patients got a mean follow-up of 18 months (9-36 months). No patient suffered from infection, skin flap necrosis and X-ray showed no implants loosening or breakage. According to the Harris Hip Score’s criteria, in Type-I, 4 cases were rated as excellent. In Type-II, 2 cases rated as excellent, 3 cases as good and 1 case as fair. In Type-III, 3 cases rated as good, 2 cases as fair and 1 case as poor. In Type-IV, 1 case rated as excellent, 1 case as good and 1 case as fair. The overall rate of excellent and good was 73.7%.

Conclusions: Pipkin classification is helpful to make preoperative plan and judging the prognosis in cases of femoral head fracture-dislocation. However, multiple factors such as the time from injury to surgery, the ages of patients, the selection of implants should also be considered, which may affect the clinical results.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.333.12633

How to cite this:Yu X, Pang QJ, Chen XJ . Clinical results of femoral head fracture-dislocation treated according to the Pipkin classification. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(3):650-653.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.333.12633

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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