A comparison of anxiety and depression between pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients and hemodialysis patientsusing hospital anxiety and depression scale

Salman T. Shafi, Tahir Shafi

Abstract


Objective: To compare frequency of anxiety and depression between pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis patients (ESRD) in Pakistan.

Methods: This study was conducted in an out-patient department and hemodialysis unit of  Sharif Medical City Hospital. Inclusion criteria included age above 18 years and a diagnosis of CKD including both pre-dialysis CKD and ESRD patients. Patients were screened for anxiety and depression using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS).

Results: A total of 156 patients were included in the study. Out of these patients, 81 (51.9%) had ESRD and 75 (48.1%) had pre-dialysis CKD. Mean age of all patient was 47.3±18.3 years, 96 (61.5%) were males and 60 (38.5%) were females. Median duration of renal disease was 16 months (IQR 8-36 months). Anxiety and depression were present in 111 (71.2%) and 113 (72.4%) of all patients respectively. Moderate to severe anxiety and depression were present in 54 (34.6%) and 60 (38.5%) patients respectively. In multiple logistic regression model, after adjusting for other variables, ESRD vs. pre-dialysis CKD was significantly associated with moderate to severe depression (AOR 2.26 (1.1-5.1).

Conclusion: Both anxiety and depression are common in pre-dialysis CKD and ESRD patients. Patients with ESRD have higher frequency of depression compared to pre-dialysis CKD patients. 

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12656

How to cite this:Shafi ST, Shafi T. A comparison of anxiety and depression between pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients and hemodialysis patients using hospital anxiety and depression scale. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(4):876-880.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12656

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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