Delayed conventional DMARDs therapy is effective in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Tasnim Ahsan, Uzma Erum, Danish Khowaja, Assadullah Dahani

Abstract


Objective: To determine the disease severity in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), at baseline and the impact of treatment on disease activity (DA) after six months of disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) therapy.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted at the ‘Rheumatology Clinic’ of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi, from June 2014 to May 2015. A total of 111 patients, with the diagnosis of RA were included in the study. DA was calculated using ‘Clinical Disease Activity Index’ (CDAI) score at base line and after 6 months of DMARDs therapy.

Results: Out of 111 patients, 17 (15.3%) were male and 94 (84.7%) were female. The mean age was 37.16±11.3 years and the mean duration of joint pain was 3.8±3.6 years (median 2.5 years). The mean Hb was 10.8±1.8 g/dl and the mean ESR at baseline was 59.63±30.9 mm/Hr. The mean initial CDAI score was 18.14±11.69; reflecting moderate to severe disease. Of all of these patients, 32 (28.8%) patients received monotherapy, 78 (70.3%) received dual therapy and 1(0.9%) was given triple DMARDs therapy. The mean ESR was 39.5±27.31 mm/Hr, and mean CDAI was 7.36±7.8 with a median of 6.0 after 6 months of DMARDs treatment.

Conclusion: The CDAI score and the ESR reflected that majority of our patients were in remission or at low disease activity, after six months of DMARDs therapy. It is possible to control DA in RA, in a low resource health care facility with conventional DMARDs therapy. Continuity of treatment was ensured through motivation, regular supply of drugs and regular follow-up.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12704

How to cite this:Ahsan T, Erum U, Khowaja D, Dahani A. Delayed conventional DMARDs therapy is effective in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(4):840-843.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.334.12704

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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