Prevalence and Predictors of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Bushra Akram, Mehak Batool, Zeeshan Rafi, Abrar Akram

Abstract


Objectives: To find the prevalence as well as to identify the predictors as protective and risk factors of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Methods: In  this analytical cross sectional survey 83 children with ASD age range from 8 to 18 years were selected through convenient sampling technique from five special schools of Lahore city. The Urdu form of a standardized tool was used to assess NSSI.

Results: Statistical analysis indicated overall point prevalence of NSSI was 33%. Moreover banging/self-beating (47%), scratching (38), pinching (35%), picking scabs (33%), self-biting (32%), pulling hair (30%) and rubbing skin (19%) emerged as common forms of challenging behavior. Further regression analysis showed that age B(1.68*, P<0.05), gender B(3.72, P<0.001) and severity level of ASD B(1.85***, p<0.0001) as risk factors/positive predictors of NSSI. However early intervention (-0.66***, P<0.0001) and involvement of parents in counselling (‑2.66*, P<0.05) emerged as protective factors/negative predictors of NSSI among children with ASD.

Conclusion: Non-suicidal self-injury is a serious challenge among children with ASD. Early intervention, counselling and parental involvement in managing the children with ASD will not only prevent but reduce the challenging behaviors.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.335.12931

How to cite this:Akram B, Batool M, Rafi Z, Akram A. Prevalence and Predictors of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(5):1225-1229.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.335.12931

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
sejuta manfaat artikel unik sejarah kerajaan

omron-nebulizer_1358