Association of single Nucleotide Missence Polymorphism Val109Aspof Omentin-1 gene and coronary artery disease in Pakistani population: Multicenter study
Background & Objective: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a most important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide as well as in Pakistan. Recent studies have shown that the combination of obesity, insulin resistance and fluctuation in circulating adipocytokines levels is associated with the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. Omentin-1 is recently found adipocytokine that is highly expressed in visceral adipose tissue. It has anti- inflammatory properties and is negatively correlated with ischemic heart disease. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the relationship between omentin-1 Val109Asp polymorphism and CAD in Pakistani population.
Methods: A total of 350 subjects were included in the study. Two hundred fifty were diagnosed with coronary artery disease while 100 served as healthy controls. PCR-RFLP was performed at Dr. A Q. Khan Institute of Biotechnology (KIBGE) to analyze Val109Asp polymorphism. In this, case control study SPSS software version 16 (Chicago, IL, USA) was used for data analysis. Continuous variables and categorical variables were presented as mean±SD or in percentage. Independent sample test and chi-square test was performed to compare the differences in means between cases and controls. Genotype distribution was analyzed by chi-square test and results were presented as percentage and frequency. Multivarible regression analysis indicated that Val109Asp SNP might be an independent risk factor for CAD susceptibility after adjustment for some well- known CAD risk factors including age, gender, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and lipid abnormalities. There was estimation of odd ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to determine the correlation between genotypes and the risk of CAD. (p> 0.05). Genotype frequencies were compared by Chi-square test.
Results: There was prevalence of Omentin-1 Val109Asp polymorphism in both case and control groups. However, Val/Asp (heterozygous mutant) genotype was detected more frequently in patients with CAD, OR(95%)=1.921; CI=1.173-3.1469 in comparison of Asp/Asp and Val/Val genotypes.
Conclusion: Individuals having Val/Asp heterozygous gemotype of omentin-1 gene polymorphism are at more risk of developing CAD in Pakistani population, further studies are required in different populations and ethnicities to confirm our findings.
How to cite this:Nazar S, Zehra S, Azhar A. Association of single Nucleotide Missence Polymorphism Val109Asp of Omentin-1 gene and coronary artery disease in Pakistani population: Multicenter study. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(5):1128-1133. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.335.13110
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