Raised intraocular pressure following Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients | Mahar | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 
مبل راحتی صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری میز اداری وبلاگدهی گن لاغری بازی اندروید تبلیغات کلیکی آموزش زبان انگلیسی پاراگلایدر مارکت اندروید تور آهنگ محسن چاوشی مسیح و آرش پروتز سینه پروتز باسن پروتز لب میز تلویزیون

Raised intraocular pressure following Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients

Pir Salim Mahar, Abdul Sami Memon, Muhammad Faisal Fahim

Abstract


Objective: To determine the frequency of an increase in intraocular pressure (IOP) after intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients with various chorio-retinal disorders.

Methods: This prospective, interventional comparative case series was conducted at Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi from May 2012 to April 2014. Two hundred thirty seven eyes of 180 patients were enrolled with 90 patients each in diabetic and non-diabetic group, requiring IVTA. IVTA 4mg/0.1ml was injected and IOP was measured at one week, one month, three  months and six months in both groups of patients.

Results: In diabetic group, 43 patients were male (47.8%) and 47 were female (52.2%), while in non-diabetic group, 56 (62.2%) patients were male and 34 (37.8%) were female. Mean age of patients in diabetic group was 52.21 ± 9.6 years and in non-diabetic group was 51.13 ± 10.75 years. The mean preoperative IOP was 13.6 ± 2.8 mmHg and 14.1 ± 2.4 mmHg in diabetic and non-diabetic group respectively. In diabetic group, mean (±SD) IOP was 16.4 ±4.9 mmHg,  14.6 ±3.6 mmHg, 17.6 ± 9.7 mmHg and 15.5 ± 7.09 mmHg at one week, one month , three months and 6 months post injection. While in non-diabetic cases, mean (±SD) IOP was 14.8 ± 3.33 mmHg, 15.9 ± 4.2 mmHg, 15.5 ± 4.2 mmHg  and 14.1 ± 3.2 mmHg at one week, one  month, three months and 6 months follow up. The raised IOP was observed in 117 eyes (49%) in both groups of patients, with 78 eyes (65%) in diabetic group and 39 eyes (33%) in non-diabetic group.

Conclusions: After IVTA, an IOP rise was observed more in diabetics than non-diabetic patients.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.13174

How to cite this:Mahar PS, Memon AS, Fahim MF. Raised intraocular pressure following Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(5):1110-1114.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.13174

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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