Role of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases in the Formation of Hypertrophic Scar with Model of Lipopolysaccharide Stimulated Skin Fibroblast Cells
Objective: Hypertrophic scar is common in burn patients, but treating result could not meet the expectation of the patients and doctors. We have found that certain concentration level of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated normal fibroblast cells have statistically similar with fibroblast cells from hypertrophic scar on the phenotype level, and with this work we are trying to figure out which Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) is affected and how it is affected.
Methods: Experiments were conducted in May, 2017 at the first affiliated hospital of the Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China. We have cultured the cell line of human skin fibroblast cells and randomly divided cells into four groups: control group and three stimulation groups. We have rebuilt the LPS stimulated model of skin fibroblast cells in hypertrophic scar based on our previous work. Experimental groups were stimulated with 0.1ug/mL LPS concentration for 24 hours, 48 hours, and 72 hours, respectively. Then we performed western blot analysis of Erk, p-Erk, JNK, p-JNK, p38 and p-p38. We performed statistical analysis with SPSS 15.0.
Results: LPS can up regulate the MAPK/p38 pathway (p<0.05) and down regulate the MAPK/Erk and MAPK/JNK pathways (p<0.05). The changes of phosphorylated protein are time-related, with longer stimulation duration, significant difference is increased (p<0.05).
Conclusion: MAPKs can play an important role in the formation of hypertrophic scar in the skin. Early intervention through the MAPKs could be a promising target in the prevention of the formation of hypertrophic scar.
How to cite this:Wang W, Li G, Yang H. Role of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases in the Formation of Hypertrophic Scar with Model of Lipopolysaccharide Stimulated Skin Fibroblast Cells. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(1):215-220 doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.341.13636
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