Application of BiPAP through Endotracheal Tube in Comatose Patients with COPD Exacerbation

Nousheen Akhter, Nadeem Ahmed Rizvi

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of using BiPAP through endotracheal tube in comatose Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure.

Methods: This is a prospective study done at Department of Chest Medicine, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, during March to June 2017. It included all comatose COPD patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure who had a poor functional status prior to the illness and who did not meet the criteria to be kept on mechanical ventilator. Patients with apnea and other causes of coma were excluded. These patients were applied BiPAP through endotracheal tube and its response on blood gases and neurological status was evaluated.

Results: The success rate of BiPAP through endotracheal tube was 70.5% (31/44). Improvement in Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (p<0.01), pH (p<0.01), and PaCO2 (<0.01) was observed among the responders following two hours and 24 hours of therapy. No significant difference was found in response with regards to gender, smoking status, prior use of noninvasive ventilation or duration of disease. No complications were observed during the therapy.

Conclusion: In resource poor settings, the use of BiPAP through endotracheal tube can be an effective and safe intervention for comatose COPD patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.336.13972

How to cite this:Akhter N, Rizvi NA. Application of BiPAP through Endotracheal Tube in Comatose Patients with COPD Exacerbation. Pak J Med Sci. 2017;33(6):1444-1448.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.336.13972

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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