Planned Second look laparotomy in neonatal volvulus: A safe approach for bowel salvage

Iftikhar A Jan, Mishail Ziaullah, Laila Obaid Obaid, Mokhatar Ali Hassan, Muna Ahmed Al Shehhi

Abstract


Midgut volvulus can result in gangrene and loss of large segments of intestine. After correction of volvulus the viability of intestine may improve and if given sufficient time a large portion of intestine may be saved. A planned second look laparotomy in babies with volvulus and doubtful gut viability can be helpful in saving large bowel segment. We present a case of a newborn baby admitted with bilious vomiting, abdominal distension and melena. An urgent exploratory laparotomy showed midgut volvulus with near gangrene of about 35 cm of proximal jejunum and bluish discoloration of the rest of the small bowel. After de-rotation and warm packs, the vascularity of ileum & distal jejunum returned to normal, however the proximal jejunum remained dusky and bruised. Ladd’s procedure was done and a decision was made to close the abdomen with a plan for a 2nd look laparotomy after 24 hours. A relook laparotomy performed after 24 hours showed, a well vascularized small bowel. No bowel resection was required and abdomen was closed. The baby improved and was discharged in stable condition with no long-term ischemic complications. This case indicates that a second look laparotomy may provide time for revascularization of the intestine with doubtful vascularity and avoid unnecessary bowel resection. 

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.342.14473

How to cite this:Jan IA, Ziaullah M, Obaid LO, Hassan MA, Shehhi MA. Planned Second look laparotomy in neonatal volvulus: A safe approach for bowel salvage. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(2):508-510.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.342.14473

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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