Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume can be useful markers to predict sepsis in children | Dursun | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume can be useful markers to predict sepsis in children

Adem Dursun, Serkan Özsoylu, Başak Akyıldız

Abstract


Objectives: Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) have been found to be useful indexes for the diagnosis of sepsis in adults. However, the knowledge of their roles and cut-off values in pediatric patients is limited. The primary objective of this study was to assess the ability of NLR and MPV to predict sepsis in children. A secondary aim was to evaluate the comparison of these parameters with C-reactive Protein (CRP).

Methods: The study was conducted on pediatric patients, who had two or more of the following criteria were included in the study: tachycardia, tachypnea, temperature change, leukocytosis, or leukopenia for age. Patients were classified into sepsis and non-sepsis groups. The sepsis group was defined as the presence of two or more age specific Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) criteria and increased Procalcitonin (PCT) level (>0.5 ng/ml).

Result: The median age of the study population was 18 (6-169) months. Two hundred-sixty four episodes of sepsis were recorded in 125 patients. Eighty two were classified as sepsis and 182 as non-sepsis. CRP level and MPV value were significantly higher in the sepsis group compared to non-sepsis group. The median CRP level was 47.8 mg/dl (10.2-119.5) in the sepsis group and 18.6 mg/dl (4.9-66.1) in the non-sepsis group (p=0.006). In the sepsis group, the median MPV value was 8.4 (7.6-9.5) and it was 7.8 (7.1-8.5) in the non-sepsis group (p=0.001). Significant correlations were found between the procalcitonin (PCT) and CRP level (p<0.001; r = 0.279), NLR (p=0.02; r = 0.186) and MPV (p<0.001; r = 0.243). MPV had the highest specificity for predicting sepsis (75.8%). The largest AUC was 0.629 with a cut-off value 8.5 for MPV, while the AUC was 0.557 with a cut-off value 1.97 for NLR and 0.606 with a cut-off value 38.9 for CRP.

Conclusions: NLR and MPV values should alert clinicians to the possibility of sepsis and to initiate or change antibiotic treatment.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.344.14547

How to cite this:Dursun A, Ozsoylu S, Akyildiz BN. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume can be useful markers to predict sepsis in children. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(4):918-922.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.344.14547

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


kalsob-01_1303_01