The effect of type 2 diabetes on electrocardiographic markers of significant cardiac events

Fatih Kuzu

Abstract


Background & Objectives: In diabetics, cardiac microvascular circulation disorder increases the risk of arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Tpeak-Tend (Tp-e) interval, Tp-e dispersion, and Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios measured by surface electrocardiogram (ECG) are new parameters used to evaluate ventricular arrhythmogenity. We aimed to compare QT dispersion (QTd), corrected QT dispersion (QTcd), P dispersion (Pd), Tp-e interval, Tp-e dispersion, and Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc ratios in patients with type-2 diabetes (T2D) with healthy population.

Methods: Electrocardiographic parameters of a total of 100 patients diagnosed with T2D were retrospectively analyzed and compared with the ECG results of 100 healthy age-, sex-, and body weight and height-matched controls.

Results: The Pd, QT interval, QTc interval, QTd, QTcd, Tp-e/QT, Tp-e/QT ratios were higher in the patients. A statistically significant correlation was found only between hemoglobin A1c and Tp-e dispersion, QTd, QTcd, Pd, Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/QTc parameters, in linear regression analysis. There was also a statistically significant positive correlation between the values of low-density lipoprotein, systolic blood pressure, and Tp-e dispersion.

Conclusion: The risk of arrhythmia can be predicted by evaluating Tp-e interval, Tp-e dispersion, Tp-e/QT, and Tp-e/QTc ratio, suggesting heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization and P wave and Pd showing heterogeneity of atrial repolarization in diabetic patients.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.343.14562

How to cite this:Kuzu F. The effect of type 2 diabetes on electrocardiographic markers of significant cardiac events. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(3):-626-632.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.343.14562

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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