Association between grades of Hydronephrosis & detection of urinary stones by ultrasound imaging
Objective: To correlate between hydronephrosis grades and detection of urinary stones by B-mode ultrasound imaging.
Methods: This study included 210 ultrasound reports of patients who underwent abdominal ultrasound imaging in the period from 1st January 2016 to 31st October 2017, and diagnosed as hydronephrosis. Data collected from the ultrasound reports. The detection rates of stones using B-mode ultrasound imaging compared in different grades of hydronephrosis. Chi-square test and Odds Ratio (OR) were performed to assess the relationship between variables.
Results: Of 210 patients, hydronephrosis was unilateral in 91.8% of patients and bilateral in 8.1%. It was distributed in grade 2, grade 3, grade 1 and grade 4 in 58.57%, 20%, 12.38% and 9.1% of the patients respectively. B-mode ultrasound imaging determined the cause of hydronephrosis in 65.2% of cases. Urinary stones were the cause in 60% of the patients. The detection rate of urinary stones was 50%, 61% and 71.4% for grades 1, 2 and 3 hydronephroses respectively. On simple logistic regression analysis,urinary stones detected in Grade-3 were four times more compared to that in grade 4 (P=0.016) (OR 4.125, 95% CI 1.29-13.136%).
Conclusion: Detection of urinary stones as the cause of hydronephrosis increases with increasing the grade of hydronephrosis from Grade-I to Grade-III and decrease in Grade-IV. Urinary stones were the cause of hydronephrosis in 60% of the patients in this study.
How to cite this:
Alshoabi SA. Association between grades of Hydronephrosis & detection of urinary stones by ultrasound imaging.Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(4):955-958. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.344.14602
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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