TGFB1 and LAMA1 gene polymorphisms in children with high myopia | Demirkilinc Biler | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 
میز اداری صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری تبلیغات کلیکی میز تلویزیون پاراگلایدر آگهی رایگان محسن چاوشی مسیح و آرش آهنگ جدید لباس زیر شورت زنانه خرید اینترنتی وبلاگدهی گن لاغری

TGFB1 and LAMA1 gene polymorphisms in children with high myopia

Elif Demirkilinc Biler, Orhan Ilim, Melis Palamar, Huseyin Onay, Onder Uretmen

Abstract


Objective: To investigate TGFB1 and LAMA1 gene polymorphisms in children with high myopia in order to determine the genetic basis of large myopic shifts causing severe visual impairment and complications.

Methods: Seventy-four children with high myopia (≥6 diopters [D]; study group) and 77 emmetropic children (±0.5D; control group) were included. Genetic and polymorphism analyses were performed in the Medical Genetics Laboratory using DNA purified from the patients’ blood samples.

Results: Mean ages of the patients were 7.1±3 (3-13) and 9.6±1.8 (6-13) years in the study and control groups, respectively. Mean refraction in the high myopia group were -10.1±4.3D in the right and -8.9±3.6D in the left eye. LAMA1 gene analysis of the study group revealed heterozygous mutations in 34 patients (45.9%), homozygous mutations in 25 patients (33.8%), and no mutations in the remaining 15 patients (20.3%). In the control group, there were 31 subjects (40.3%) with heterozygous, 27 (35.1%) with homozygous LAMA1 mutations, and no mutations in 19 (24.7%) (p=0.73). TGFB1 gene analysis showed heterozygous mutations in 32 (43.2%) and homozygous mutations in 10 patients (13.5%) in the study group, while 32 patients (43.2%) had no mutations. In the control group, 35 subjects (45.5%) had heterozygous, 8 (10.4%) had homozygous, and 34 (44.1%) had no TGFB1 mutations (p=0.36).

Conclusion: This is the first study to simultaneously examine two genes in high myopia in a Turkish population. However, we observed no significant differences in TGFB1 and LAMA1 gene polymorphisms in patients with high myopia compared to healthy subjects.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.342.14616

How to cite this:Biler ED, Ilim O, Palamar M, Onay H, Uretmen O. TGFB1 and LAMA1 gene polymorphisms in children with high myopia. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(2):463-467.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.342.14616

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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