Hyperlipidemia and hyper glycaemia in BreastCancer Patients is related to disease stage
Objective: The study was designed to determine the hyperlipidemia in breast cancer of patients at disease presentation, without any treatment and to correlate these variations with disease stage.
Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Liaquat National teaching hospital in Karachi from 2006 to 2011, Age and family history of 208 breast cancer patients with infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma were compared with 176 matched control subjects. Married females were selected, with children and short breast feeding period. Cancer stage I-III was considered for the study and patients were grouped on the basis of Tumor grade, Tumor size, lymph node metastasis and disease free survival. Disease staging was based on tumor size and lymph node metastasis. Biochemical estimations included variations in random blood glucose level and lipid profile.
Results: Lipid profile and random blood glucose level were found significantly high (p<0.05) compared to control subjects. Hyperlipidemia was significantly high in breast cancer patients with lymph node metastasis. On increase in tumor grade I to II, increase in total cholesterol (4%), LDL-cholesterol 23% and 11% increase in triglycerides was observed. On Tumor size increase from ≤2 to 2.5cm, increase observed in blood random glucose level was (4%), total cholesterol (1.7%) triglycerides (2%) and LDL (3%) whereas HDL was (2%) low. These variations remain insignificant on further increase in tumor size and grade.
Conclusion: Study suggests that variation in lipid profile and blood random glucose level is associated with disease stage. No independent correlation of hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia was developed with disease free survival.
How to cite this:Raza U, Asif MR, Rehman AB, Sheikh A. Hyperlipidemia and hyper glycaemia in Breast Cancer Patients is related to disease stage. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(1):209-214. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.341.14841
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