Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody and Periodontal Status in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients | Wan Mohamad | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 
مبل راحتی صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری میز اداری وبلاگدهی گن لاغری بازی اندروید تبلیغات کلیکی آموزش زبان انگلیسی پاراگلایدر مارکت اندروید تور آهنگ محسن چاوشی مسیح و آرش پروتز سینه پروتز باسن پروتز لب میز تلویزیون

Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody and Periodontal Status in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Soh Ke Jia, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali, Haslina Taib

Abstract


Objectives: Studies have shown that periodontal disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) shared similar pathogenesis. Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide anibodies (anti-CCP) has recently been used for diagnosis of RA. Thus, this study aimed to assess the levels of anti-CCP antibodies and periodontal status in RA patients.

Methods: Forty four RA patients were included in this study. The blood samples were analysed for anti-CCP levels. Plaque Score (PS), Gingivitis Score (GS), Probing Pocket Depth (PPD) and Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL) were recorded for assessment of periodontal status. Relevant clinical information was obtained from medical records.

Results: Mean anti-CCP level was 180.8 ± 290.3 Unit/ml. The results showed that 27.3% patients had poor oral hygiene (PS >60%; mean anti-CCP 84.22 ± 167.51 Unit/ml), 52.3% had generalized gingivitis (mean anti-CCP 145.07 ± 269.17 Unit/ml), and 20.5% had mean CAL of >3mm (mean anti-CCP 56.81 ± 119.02 Unit/ml). None of patients presented with deep PPD > 4mm. The levels of anti-CCP showed no significant association with periodontal status (p=0.27).

Conclusion: Most RA patients were positive for anti-CCP antibodies and presented with generalized gingivitis. Oral hygiene education should be reinforced in RA patients to prevent further progression of periodontal disease. Nevertheless, studies with larger sample size should be carried out to obtain more conclusive findings.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.344.15007

How to cite this:Mohamad WMW, Jia SK, Ghazali WSW, Taib H. Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody and Periodontal Status in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(4):907-912.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.344.15007

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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