Self-perceived oral symptoms and periodontal inflammatory conditions in habitual naswar dippers | Al-Hamoudi | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 
مبل راحتی صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری میز اداری وبلاگدهی گن لاغری بازی اندروید تبلیغات کلیکی آموزش زبان انگلیسی پاراگلایدر مارکت اندروید تور آهنگ محسن چاوشی مسیح و آرش پروتز سینه پروتز باسن پروتز لب میز تلویزیون

Self-perceived oral symptoms and periodontal inflammatory conditions in habitual naswar dippers

Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Sameer Mokeem, Tariq Abdul Jabbar, Fahim Vohra, Zohaib Akram

Abstract


Objectives: To compare self-perceived oral symptoms and clinical (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BOP], clinical attachment loss [CAL]) and radiographic (marginal bone loss [MBL]) periodontal parameters among naswar (NW) and non-naswar dippers (NNW).

Methods: One hundred and forty-two individuals (72 patients consuming naswar and 70 controls) were included. All participants completed a baseline questionnaire that included information regarding demographic characteristics and self-perceived oral symptoms. Clinical periodontal parameters (PI, BOP, PD and CAL) were recorded. MBL was measured on digital panoramic radiographs.

Results: Pain in teeth, pain on chewing, bleeding gums and burning sensation in the mouth was significantly worse among NW than NNW (p<0.01). Clinical periodontal parameters and MBL were significantly high in NW than NNW (p<0.001). There was statistically significant influence of daily use and mean duration of naswar consumption on the severity of PI, BOP, PD (4 to 6 and >6 mm) and MBL among NW group.

Conclusions: Self-perceived oral symptoms and periodontal parameters were worse among naswar dippers. It is highly recommended that naswar dipping should be considered a potential threat that could have major effects on periodontal tissues.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.15418

How to cite this:Al-Hamoudi N, Mokeem S, Jabbar TA, Vohra F, Akram Z. Self-perceived oral symptoms and periodontal inflammatory conditions in habitual naswar dippers. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(5):1272-1277.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.15418

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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