Perceived stress and monetary burden amongthalassemia patients and their caregivers
Objective: To find the perceived stress level and monetary burden in the thalassemia patients and their caregivers related to thalassemia treatment sessions.
Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted at Rawalpindi Thalassemia Centre and Military Hospital Rawalpindi of six months’ duration from November 2016 to April 2017. A total of 87 sample size was calculated by using WHO sample size calculator. Participants were inducted through purposive sampling technique from thalassemia centers. A validated standardized Cohen’s Perceived Stress score was used. Data were entered and analyzed in SPSS 22.
Results: Mean age of the participants was 30.42 ± 14.53 years. There were 30 (34.2%) males and 57 (65.8%) females. There were 39 (51.3%) patients and 48 (48.7%) caregivers. The mean income per month of the participants was 48706.9 ± 39492.68 PKR. The mean total expenditure per treatment session was 48706 ± 4037.12 PKR. Among the patients, there were 15 (38.5%) who were having average stress, while 4 (10.3%) were having moderate stress while 45 (51.7%0 were having severe stress. Among the caregivers, 10 (20.8%) were having mild stress, 13 (27.1%) were having moderate stress while 25 (52.1%) were having severe stress. The stress among the two groups was not statistically significant (p=0.066).
Conclusion: More than half of the patients and caregivers were having a high perceived stress levels and there was a significant association between the two groups. The monetary burden was a lot to bear by the patients and the cost of treatment session most expensive.
How to cite this:Hisam A, Khan NS, Tariq NA, Irfan H, Arif B, Noor M. Perceived stress and monetary burden among thalassemia patients and their caregivers. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(4):901-906. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.344.15420
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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