Do we use antibiotics judiciously enough? A study in Accident & Emergency Department of tertiary care hospital in Pakistan | Malik | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 

Do we use antibiotics judiciously enough? A study in Accident & Emergency Department of tertiary care hospital in Pakistan

Omar Abbas Ahmed Malik, Asim Saeed Khan

Abstract


Objective: To determine whether antibiotics are necessary for all minor wounds presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department at a tertiary care  Centre in Pakistan.

Methods: One hundred and five patients presenting to the Accident & Emergency Department, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, with open wounds were included in the study and divided into two: Groups A (study) and B (control), with Group-A receiving conservative therapy. Eighty-four patients were included in the final analysis as the rest were lost to follow up. Follow up was done after one week to see how many patients had developed infection.

Results: The average age of patients was 27.3 +/-9.7 years with similar baseline characteristics. From these, 51% had superficial wounds; average number of wounds was 1.63 +/-0.99, with an average length of 2.7 +/-1.6 cm. A total of 10 out of 84 patients developed infection at 7-10 days after presentation to the A&E. From these, 3 patients receiving conservative treatment (A, 10%, OR=0.107), and seven patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (B, 12.96%, OR=0.149) developed an infection. Calculated odds ratio for increased risk of infection in Group-A = 0.72.

Conclusion: A conservative approach to antibiotic prescription for minor trauma may be appropriate despite absence of strict asepsis during emergency wound care.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.346.15542

How to cite this:Malik OA, Khan AS. Do we use antibiotics judiciously enough? A study in Accident & Emergency Department of tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(6):1498-1501.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.346.15542

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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