Clinical features and outcome in paediatric newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenic purpura in a tertiary care centre | Zafar | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 
میز اداری صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری تبلیغات کلیکی میز تلویزیون پاراگلایدر آگهی رایگان محسن چاوشی مسیح و آرش آهنگ جدید لباس زیر شورت زنانه خرید اینترنتی وبلاگدهی گن لاغری

Clinical features and outcome in paediatric newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenic purpura in a tertiary care centre

Huma Zafar, Saadia Anwar, Mahwish Faizan, Shazia Riaz

Abstract


Objective: The study aimed to demonstrate the pattern of clinical presentations and outcome of acute Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) in our Centre.

Methods: A descriptive, observational study was conducted by collecting and analysing the data of 103 patients of acute ITP, ageing between 1-14 years, at The Children’s Hospital, Lahore from January 2016 to December 2016. We collected the data regarding age, sex, clinical presentations, history of preceding viral infections, vaccination history, laboratory values, different treatment options used, and response to the treatment concerning complete response, partial response and poor responders. Statistical analysis performed by using IBM SPSS statistics version 20.

Results: We retrospectively, reviewed total 103 patients cases. The median age, at the time of presentation, was 5±3.4 years while mean age was 4.5±2.9 years. The male to female ratio was 1.28:1. Mean platelet count on presentation was 7 x 109/L (range: 0-24). Twenty three (22.3%), patients had the history of preceding illness. Bruises, petechiae, epistaxis and hematemesis remained the common presentations. Six (5.8%) patients showed spontaneous recovery while 97 (94%) patients received treatment for ITP. Overall, 71 (68.9%) showed a response after treatment. Sixty-two patients (59.22%) showed loss of response and received treatment again. Among these patients, thirty-four patients (33%) developed chronic disease.

Conclusion: Majority of patients presenting to our tertiary care centre had severe acute ITP on presentation. After management and follow-up, almost 1/3 of the patients develop chronic disease hence the incidence of developing chronic disease remained high as compared to the other centers.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.15687

How to cite this:Zafar H, Anwar S, Faizan M, Riaz S. Clinical features and outcome in paediatric newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenic purpura in a tertiary care centre. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(5):1195-1199.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.15687

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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