Clinical features and outcome in paediatric newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenic purpura in a tertiary care centre
Objective: The study aimed to demonstrate the pattern of clinical presentations and outcome of acute Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) in our Centre.
Methods: A descriptive, observational study was conducted by collecting and analysing the data of 103 patients of acute ITP, ageing between 1-14 years, at The Children’s Hospital, Lahore from January 2016 to December 2016. We collected the data regarding age, sex, clinical presentations, history of preceding viral infections, vaccination history, laboratory values, different treatment options used, and response to the treatment concerning complete response, partial response and poor responders. Statistical analysis performed by using IBM SPSS statistics version 20.
Results: We retrospectively, reviewed total 103 patients cases. The median age, at the time of presentation, was 5±3.4 years while mean age was 4.5±2.9 years. The male to female ratio was 1.28:1. Mean platelet count on presentation was 7 x 109/L (range: 0-24). Twenty three (22.3%), patients had the history of preceding illness. Bruises, petechiae, epistaxis and hematemesis remained the common presentations. Six (5.8%) patients showed spontaneous recovery while 97 (94%) patients received treatment for ITP. Overall, 71 (68.9%) showed a response after treatment. Sixty-two patients (59.22%) showed loss of response and received treatment again. Among these patients, thirty-four patients (33%) developed chronic disease.
Conclusion: Majority of patients presenting to our tertiary care centre had severe acute ITP on presentation. After management and follow-up, almost 1/3 of the patients develop chronic disease hence the incidence of developing chronic disease remained high as compared to the other centers.
How to cite this:Zafar H, Anwar S, Faizan M, Riaz S. Clinical features and outcome in paediatric newly diagnosed immune thrombocytopenic purpura in a tertiary care centre. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(5):1195-1199. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.345.15687
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