Echocardiography guided bed side balloon atrial septostomy in dextro transposed great arteries (dTGA) with intact ventricular septum (IVS): A resource limited country experience | Kumar | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 

Echocardiography guided bed side balloon atrial septostomy in dextro transposed great arteries (dTGA) with intact ventricular septum (IVS): A resource limited country experience

Naresh Kumar, Abdul Sattar Shaikh, Veena Kumari, Najma Patel

Abstract


Objective: To determine effectiveness and safety of echocardiography guided bed side Balloon Atrial Septostomy (BAS) in dextro transposition of great Arteries (dTGA) with intact ventricular septum (IVS) at a public sector tertiary care hospital Karachi, Pakistan.

Methods: This case series include 40 patients with echocardiographic findings of dTGA with IVS and restricted PFO (≤ 2mm) who underwent bedside BAS at department of pediatric cardiology NICVD, Karachi, Pakistan. We recorded pre and post BAS diameter of PFO/Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), oxygen saturation (SpO2 %), and post procedure complications and outcome.

Results: Median age was 16 days, Majority of them (n=23, 58%) were severely cyanosed with SpO2 of 41.4±3.4% and underwent emergency BAS and remaining underwent elective procedure. An increase in SpO2% from 46.0±6% to 81.0±3.0% (p=< 0.001) and ASD size from 1.4±2.8mm to 5.45±0.4mm was observed (p=< 0.001). No complication was observed in most of cases (n=28, 70%). Mean hospital stay was 3.4±1 days. Success rate was 97.5% however, one neonate died due to neonatal sepsis.

Conclusion: Our study provides sufficient evidence that bed side balloon atrial septostomy is a safer technique, save a lot of time and resources which were required otherwise in transporting these patients to catheterization laboratory.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.346.15792

How to cite this:Kumar N, Shaikh AS, Kumari V, Patel N. Echocardiography guided bed side balloon atrial septostomy in dextro transposed great arteries (dTGA) with intact ventricular septum (IVS): A resource limited country experience. Pak J Med Sci. 2018;34(6):1347-1352.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.346.15792

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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