Diabetes mellitus and pulmonary tuberculosis, association or co-incidence? | Golshah | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website

Diabetes mellitus and pulmonary tuberculosis, association or co-incidence?

Elham Golshah, Roghieh Golshah, Rezaie Shirazi Rahim, Golshah Hamid, Mojaver Aida


Objectives: To evaluate the effect of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) on clinical and diagnostic methods and radiological features of pulmonary TB, in comparison to non diabetic pulmonary TB patients, in Golestan province, Northeast of Iran.
Methodology: In this retrospective cross-sectional study during 2004-2008, medical records of patients with definite diagnosis of pulmonary TB were reviewed. Demographic data, clinical & diagnostic method and radiological findings were studied. Radiological data and lung High Resolution computed tomographic scan (lung HRCT) were done by two different radiologists. After data entry into SPSS-16, Fischers exact test and chi-square test were used to compare the two groups (TB with DM & without it). P-value 0.05). Multilobar cavities were significantly more reported in diabetics (p- value = 0.014). No statistical differences were seen between two groups radiologically.
Conclusion: Tuberculosis could be more invasive in diabetic patients especially females hence they should be given more attention.

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