Connection between dysmenorrhea and depression among a group of Turkish high school female students | Unsal | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 

Connection between dysmenorrhea and depression among a group of Turkish high school female students

Alaettin Unsal, Mustafa Tozun, Unal Ayranci, Ozlem Orsal

Abstract


Objective: The aim was to estimate theprevalenceof dysmenorrhea andalso the connection between dysmenorrheaand depression among girl students.

Methodology:This study was conducted at both vocational high schools in aprovincein the west of Turkey fromMarch 1st toApril 30th2010.The Beck Depression Scale (BDS) to determine the presence of depression, and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used. In analysis of the data, Chi square and Students t test were used, with a p value lower than 0.05 being considered significant.

Results: The extent of dysmenorrhea was71.5%.It washigher in those with menstrual irregularity, in those with positive family history of dysmenorrhea and in those consuming coffee (p < 0.05 in each case). The prevalence ofdepression was higherin girlsexperiencing dysmenorrhea compared to those without (p < 0.05). Therewasa positive correlation between theseverityof painful menstruation andmean BDS scores(p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Educational programs need to be considered in terms of recommendation to reduce dysmenorrhea.


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