Extended multi-organ resection for cT4 gastric carcinoma: A retrospective analysis
Objective: Combined resection for locally advanced (T4) gastric cancer may result in high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics to determine the prognostic factors for T4 gastric cancers.
Methodology: A total of 463 consecutive patients with gastric cancers were enrolled in this study. Among them, 63 patients received combined resections. Various clinicopathologic factors influencing survival rates were evaluated. Survival rates were calculated according to the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were evaluated by the univariate and multivariate analysis.
Results: Thirty-one patients (49.2%) received one additional organ resection and 32 patients (50.8%) received two or more additional organ resections. Curative resection was performed in 49 patients (77.8%). Multivariate analysis identified curative resection (hazard ratio 0.330; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.139-0.784; P = 0.012) and tumor diameter ( > 7 cm) (hazard ratio, 3.589; the 95 percent confidence interval, 1.425-9.037; P = 0.007) as independent prognostic factor for patients with T4 gastric cancer undergoing combined resection.
Conclusions: The use of aggressive multi-organ resection was recommended for patients with T4 gastric carcinoma, with tumor diameter as a useful indicator. Patients with relatively small tumor diameter (≤ 7cm) could benefit from multi-organ resections.
How to cite this:Xiao L, Li M, Xu F, Ye H, Wu W, Long S, et al. Extended multi-organ resection for cT4 gastric carcinoma: A retrospective analysis. Pak J Med Sci 2013;29(2):581-585. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.292.2898
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- There are currently no refbacks.