Predictive role of Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) on the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients treated with chemotherapy

Jiawen Teng, Zeng-min Yang, Jie Li, Bo Xu

Abstract


Objective: We conducted a comprehensive study to investigate the role of GSTM1, GSTTI and GSTP1 genetic variation involved in transport pathways in response to chemotherapy and clinical outcome of osteosarcoma.

Methods: A total of 146 patients were included in our study between January 2008 and December 2009. All the patients were followed up to death or January 2012. Genotyping of GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 was conducted in a 384-well plate format on the Sequenom MassARRAY platform.

Results: Sixty seven patients (45.9%) died during the follow-up period. The median age of patients was 14.2 years and ranged from 9.3 to 38.7 years. The median follow-up time was 29.6 months (range 5 to 60 months). Individuals with GSTP1 G/G genotype tended to live shorter than A/A genotype, and we found a significantly higher risk of death from osteosarcoma (adjusted HR=2.73, 95% CI=1.05-7.45). Individuals with the GSTP GG genotype were more likely to have a poor response to chemotherapy, with an OR of 2.73 (95%CI, 1.07-7.81). However, we did not find association of polymorphisms in GSTM1 and GSTT1 with response to chemotherapy and prognosis of osteosarcoma.

Conclusion: Our study provides information for prediction of treatment outcome in clinical oncology. Due to the limited number of samples, the results of our study need to be confirmed by large sample size studies.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.295.3870

How to cite this:Teng JW, Yang ZM, Li J, Xu B. Predictive role of Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) on the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients treated with chemotherapy. Pak J Med Sci 2013;29(5):1182-1186.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.295.3870

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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