Women Health in Saudi Arabia: A review of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors | Alquaiz | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website
 

Women Health in Saudi Arabia: A review of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors

Aljohara Mohammed Alquaiz, Amna Rihana siddiqui, Riaz H Qureshi, Mona A Fouda, Maha A AlMuneef, Fawzia A Habib, Iqbal M Turkistani

Abstract


This is a review of the changing pattern of chronic diseases among women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data from national surveys conducted in KSA, whose results were published between 1996 and 2011 were used. The results showed that over a period of ten years the prevalence of obesity increased in Saudi women from 23.6% to 44.0% and in men from 14.2% to 26.2%; self-reported physical inactivity worsened in both women (from 84.7% to 98.1%) and men (from 43.3% to 93.9%); prevalence of smoking in women increased (from 0.9% to 7.6%), while it declined in men (from 21.0% to 18.7%). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was significantly greater in women than men (42.0% versus 37.2%; p < 0.01). In conclusion, Saudi women are potentially at a greater risk than a decade ago to develop cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus, with a notable increase in obesity compared to men.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.302.4378

How to cite this:AlQuaiz AM, Siddiqui AR, Qureshi RH, Fouda MA, AlMuneef MA, Habib FA, et al. Women Health in Saudi Arabia: A review of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Pak J Med Sci 2014;30(2):422-431.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.302.4378

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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