Effect of ABCB1 polymorphism on the clinical outcome of osteosarcoma patients after receiving chemotherapy
Objective: To investigate the role of three genetic polymorphisms of ABC proteins in response to chemotherapy and overall survival of osteosarcoma patients.
Methods: A prospective study was conducted. Genotyping analyses of ABCB1 C3435T, ABCG2 C421A, and ABCC3 C-211T were conducted using the TaqMan methodology. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI of effect of each genotype of ABCB1 C3435T, ABCG2 c421A, and ABCC3 C-211T on PFS and OS.
Results: During the follow-up period, 135 patients (74.18%) were alive and 47 died (25.82). The median follow-up periods were 36.7 months. Individuals carrying with ABCB1 3435TT genotype and T allele showed less likely to have a poor response to chemotherapy. Cox regression analysis showed that individuals with ABCB1 TT genotype and T allele were associated with high risk of death from osteosarcoma when compared with wide-type genotype. However, we did not find significant association between ABCG2 C421A and ABCC3 C-211T polymorphisms and overall survival of osteosarcoma.
Conclusion: ABCB1 C3435T polymorphism may be used as a genetic predictor of clinical outcome in osteosarcoma patients treated with chemotherapy. However, no association was found between polymorphisms in ABCG2 C421A and ABCC3 C-211T and clinical outcome of osteosarcoma.
How to cite this:Xiaohui S, Aiguo L, Xiaolin G, Ying L, Hongxing Z, Yilei Z. Effect of ABCB1 polymorphism on the clinical outcome of osteosarcoma patients after receiving chemotherapy. Pak J Med Sci 2014;30(4):886-890. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.304.4955
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- There are currently no refbacks.