Endometrial abnormalities on transvaginal ultrasonographyand histopathology in women after quinacrine sterilization | Afzal | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Old Website
 

Endometrial abnormalities on transvaginal ultrasonographyand histopathology in women after quinacrine sterilization

Saira Afzal, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari

Abstract


Objective: To describe endometrial abnormalities on transvaginal ultrasonography and histopathology in women after quinacrine sterilization.

Methods: It was an  analytical cross sectional study conducted during  February 2012 to April 2013. The sample size calculated at 95% confidence level was 540. Sampling technique used  was simple random sampling. The medical history, examination, transvaginal ultrasonography and biopsy of suspected lesion was performed in quinacrine sterilized women.

Results: The calculation of statistics showed the mean age at quinacrine sterilization was 38.5 years, standard deviation 6.517, and standard error 0.461. The endometrium was regular and smooth with homogenous images in 86% (n=466), irregular endometrium with heterogeneous images on transvaginal ultrasound in 9.4% (n=51) and endometrial growth with high level echoes in 4.2% women (n=23). The histological findings included hyperplasia and well differentiated adenocarcinoma in two  patients respectively.

Conclusion: The irregular endometrium, adhesions, and growths were found after quinacrine sterilization. The risk of endometrial growth was more after 10 years duration of quinacrine sterilization.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.304.5091

How to cite this:Afzal S, Bukhari MH. Endometrial abnormalities on transvaginal ultrasonography and histopathology in women after quinacrine sterilization. Pak J Med Sci 2014;30(4):778-783.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.304.5091

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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