Ultrasound-guided bilateral greater occipital nerve block for the treatment of post-dural puncture headache | Akyol | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 

Ultrasound-guided bilateral greater occipital nerve block for the treatment of post-dural puncture headache

Fethi Akyol, Orhan Binici, Ufuk Kuyrukluyıldız, Güldane Karabakan

Abstract


Background and Objective: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the complications frequently observed after spinal or epidural anesthesia with dural penetration. For PDPH patients who do not respond to conservative medical treatment, alternative treatments such as bilateral occipital nerve block should be considered.In this study the  efficacy of bilateral occipital nerve block was retrospectively evaluated in patients with post-dural puncture headache.

Methods: Ultrasound-guided bilateral occipital nerve block was administrated in 21 patients who developed PDPH after spinal anesthesia, but did not respond to conservative medical treatment within 48 hours between January 2012 and February 2014. The study was conducted at Erzincan University Faculty of Medicine Gazi Mengucek Education and Research Hospital.

Results: Mean Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain scores at 10 minutes and 6, 10, 15 and 24 hours after the block were significantly improved compared to the patients with a pre-block VAS score between 4 and 6 as well as patients with a pre-block VAS score between 7 and 9 (p<0.01). After 24 hours of the block applied, VAS pain score dropped to 1 for all 12 patients who had a pre-block VAS score between 4 and 6. Whereas, VAS score decreased to 2 at 24 hours after the block in only one of the patients with a pre-block VAS between 7 and 9. For the patients with a pre-block VAS score between 7 and 9, there was no significant improvement in the mean VAS score 24 hours after the block.

Conclusions: For patients with PDPH and a pre-block VAS score between 4 and 6 who do not respond to conservative medical treatment, an ultrasound-guided bilateral occipital nerve block may be effective.

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.311.5759

How to cite this:Akyol F, Binici O, Kuyrukluyildiz U, Karabakan G. Ultrasound-guided bilateral greater occipital nerve block for the treatment of post-dural puncture headache. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(1):111-115.  doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.311.5759

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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