Effects of glutamine and valsartan on the brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide of patients with chronic heart failure
Objective: To analyze the effects of glutamine and valsartan on the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).
Methods: A total of 140 CHF patients were divided into a treatment group and a control group by random drawing, and were subjected to standard anti-heart failure treatment and administered with valsartan. Besides, the treatment group was also intravenously transfused glutamine. The treatment lasted eight weeks.
Results: The overall efficacy of treatment group and control group were 98.6% and 90.0% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The two groups had significantly increased left ventricular ejection fractions as well as significantly decreased left ventricular end-diastolic volumes and left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions after treatments (P<0.05) compared with those before. There were also inter-group differences between these values (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of BNP, NT-proBNP and CD8+ in both groups significantly decreased (P<0.05), whereas those of CD4+ significantly increased (P<0.05). The two groups also had significantly different values (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Glutamine in combination with valsartan enhanced the therapeutic effects by improving cardiac function, which may be associated with decreased expressions of BNP and NT-proBNP and beneficial effects of glutamine on immune function.
How to cite this:Shao M, Huang C, Li Z, Yang H, Feng Q. Effects of glutamine and valsartan on the brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide of patients with chronic heart failure. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(1):82-86 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.311.6302
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