Bone mineral density in University aged Saudi females
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate bone mineral density (BMD) in young Saudi females (20-25 years) using Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), as it is a widely utilized modality for the measurement of BMD, used for the diagnosis of osteoporosis and osteopenia.
Methods: BMD measurements were performed in the spine and the neck of the femur in 101 young females.
Results: 37% and 34% patients had osteopenia in the spine and the neck of the femur respectively, BMD values = 0.98 and 0.81 gm/cm2 respectively). Whereas 5% had osteoporosis in the spine area, BMD values = 0.82 gm/cm2). Of the 101 subjects, 53 (52.5%) young females did not suffer from osteopenia in either both site, whereas 23 (22.7%) females had osteopenia in both sites, the remaining 25 subjects (25% of the subject included) had either osteopenia or osteoporosis in one of the sites. A strong association between BMD values with weight was found.
Conclusions: We found that one third of the young Saudi females sampled suffer from osteopenia. Additionally, body weight has a positive relationship with bone mineral density.
How to cite this:Hammad LF. Bone mineral density in university aged Saudi females. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(3):556-560. doi: http://dx.doi.org/>10.12669/pjms.313.7264
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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