Frequency of stillbirths in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Karachi
Background and Objective: Pakistan accounts for the highest stillbirth rate in the world. Therefore, this observational study was planned to determine the prevalence of stillbirths and its associated demographic characteristics in the given context. Hence our objective included:To determine the frequency of stillbirths with reference to parity and gestational age in a tertiary care public hospital, Karachi.To determine the socio-demographic characteristics of families with stillbirths.
Methods: All pregnant mothers who delivered stillbirth babies at Gynaecology and Obstetrics ward of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi a tertiary care facility were prospectively enrolled from October 2012 to September 2013. Deliveries occurred before 28 weeks of gestational age were excluded. Gestational age was confirmed from hospital record and attending physicians. Data was collected on predesigned proforma and analyzed using descriptive statistics.
Results: Among 7708 registered deliveries, 137 were stillbirths. A total of 84 mothers were primiparous and 12% of mothers were below 20 years at the time of delivery. Majority of stillbirths were macerated type (80.3%) and 20% were fresh stillbirth. About 55% of still births occurred between 33-37 weeks and 20% between 28-32 weeks. Almost 80%(109) of stillbirths were low birth weight and only 20%(28) were normal birth weight.
Conclusion: This study shows that stillbirths are more common in primiparous mothers in a given context. Conducting awareness sessions with special focus on antenatal and obstetrical care of primiparous may be helpful to reduce still births.
How to cite this:Mustufa MA, Kulsoom S, Sameen I, Moorani KN, Memon AA, Korejo R. Frequency of stillbirths in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Karachi. Pak J Med Sci. 2016;32(1):91-94. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.321.8558
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