Dysmenorrhea among female medical students in King Abdulaziz University: Prevalence, Predictors and outcome | Ibrahim | Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
 

Dysmenorrhea among female medical students in King Abdulaziz University: Prevalence, Predictors and outcome

Nahla Khamis Ragab Ibrahim, Manar S. AlGhamdi, Alanoud N. Al-Shaibani, Fatima A. Al-Amri, Huda A. Alharbi, Arwa K. Al-Jadani, Raghad A. Alfaidi

Abstract


Objective: To determine the prevalence, predictors and outcome of dysmenorrhea among female medical students in King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 435 medical students at KAU, Jeddah selected through stratified random sample method. A pre-constructed, validated, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect personal and socio-demographic information. Data about menstrual history, stress, smoking were also collected. The severity of dysmenorrhea was scored by the “Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)”. Descriptive and analytical statistics were conducted.

Results: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 60.9%. Logistic regression showed that heavy period was the first predictor of dysmenorrhea (aOR=1.94; 95% CI: 1.29- 2.91), followed by stress (aOR=1.90; 95% C.I.: 1.19-3.07). The prevalence of severe dysmenorrhea among the sufferers was 38.6%. Depressed mood was the commonest (80.8%) symptom accompanying dysmenorrhea. Regarding the outcome of dysmenorrhea, 67.5% of the sufferes reported emotional instability, while 28.3% reported absenteeism from the university.

Conclusions: A high prevalence of dysmenorrhea was prevalent among medical students in King Abdulaziz University (KAU),  Health promotion, screening programs, and stress management courses are recommended. 

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.316.8752

How to cite this:Ibrahim NK, AlGhamdi MS, Al-Shaibani AN, AlAmri FA, Alharbi HA, Al-Jadani AK, et al. Dysmenorrhea among female medical students in King Abdulaziz University: Prevalence, Predictors and outcome. Pak J Med Sci 2015;31(6):1312-1317.   doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12669/pjms.316.8752

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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