Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences


ISSN 1681-715X





Volume 25

July - September 2009

Number  4


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Disseminated intravascular coagulation
in Abruptio Placentae

Yasmeen Khooharo1, Fayaz Ahmed Memon2, Khursheed Jhan Noorani3


Objectives: To assess the proportion of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) in abruptio placentae and outcome of such patients with DIC.

Methodology: This Descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBG) ward 8, unit -1 at Jinnah post Graduate Medical Centre (JPMC) Karachi from 1st January, 2001 to 31 December 2002. This study was carried out on 100 diagnosed cases of abruptio placentae; and its adverse effects were noted on haemostatic system. Patients who came through the Emergency Department of (OBG) or Main Emergency of JPMC with a history of ante partum hemorrhage was included in this study. Written consent was taken from patients for using information regarding history, clinical Examination and related investigations for the research purpose.

Results: DIC was found in seven out of 100 patients, they were relatively younger and Multiparous. Mean age was 27.5 years while parity ranged between Para 5-11 with mean gestational age of 33.14 weeks. Six (85.7%) patients had severe vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain and uterine tenderness. Coagulation profile and routine laboratory investigations revealed that all patients had raised fibrin degradation products, clotting, and prothrombin and activated thromboplastin time, while decreased serum fibrinogen, platelets and hemoglobin. All cases were immediately managed with fluid replacement and blood transfusion. Six (85.7%) cases were delivered by spontaneous vaginal delivery and only one (14.3%) case by caesarean section. Fetal mortality was high 6 (85.7%) all were fresh still birth while only one (14.3%) baby was alive. There was no maternal death.

Conclusions: The proportion of DIC in abruptio placentae was found to be 7%. Early diagnosis and immediate treatment of abruptio placentae are important factors for successful therapy of DIC. Fetal mortality was directly proportional to amount of blood loss, initial level of maternal hemoglobin and gestational age. No maternal death occurred.

KEY WORDS: Abruptio placentae, Ante partum hemorrhage, Disseminated intravascular coagulation.

Pak J Med Sci    July - September 2009    Vol. 25 No. 4    660-664

How to cite this article:

Khooharo Y, Memon FA, Noorani KJ. Disseminated intravascular coagulation in Abruptio Placentae. Pak J Med Sci 2009;25(4):660-664.

1. Dr. Yasmeen Khooharo, FCPS
Assistant Professor,
2. Dr. Fayaz Ahmed Memon, FCPS
Assistant Professor,
Department of Medicine,
1-2: Muhammad Medical College,
Sindh - Pakistan.
3. Prof. Khursheed Jhan Noorani, FCPS
Dean College of Physician and Surgeons Pakistan
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dr. Yasmeen Khooharo,
Assistant Professor,
Muhammad Medical College,
Mirpurkhas - Pakistan.

* Received for Publication: January 19, 2009
* Revision Received: February 3, 2009
* Revision Accepted: June 5, 2009


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